It's a common misassumption that the terms "police misconduct" and "police brutality" are interchangeable. Under the law, though, police misconduct is a much broader term that includes police brutality. Police brutality necessarily involves the use of force, whether with weapons, batons, feet or fists. Police misconduct can involve any act of a law enforcement officer that is illegal, unethical, unconstitutional or against established employment guidelines.
STUDY SHOWS THAT MINORITIES ARE DISPROPORTIONATELY VICTIMS
In a study conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, documents show that over a seven year period, local law enforcement officers shot and killed an average of 400 people a year, and that about one in four were black persons shot by white officers (approximately 96 per year). Of the African-Americans who died during the years of the study, one in five was under the age of 21. For white victims, one in twelve was under 21.
SUPPOSEDLY BANNED, CHOKEHOLD STILL USED BY NYPD
In 1993, the New York Police Department publicly admonished its officers to refrain from using the popular "chokehold" to restrain suspects. However, in the aftermath of the death of Eric Garner, an unarmed black man in Staten Island, as the result of a chokehold, it's clear that the tactic is still being taught and used on a regular basis. New police inspector general Philip K. Eure conducted an investigation of Garner's death and of the use of chokehold tactics, and issued a report that indicated that police officers too often employed a chokehold when facing "mere verbal confrontation," as video cameras show in the Garner case.
The Newark Police Department, New Jersey's largest department, is a thousand-member force that patrols one of the Northeast's most violent cities. This NJPD will be placed under federal oversight, and court-ordered reform, for violating its residents' civil rights by: